Find Their Food, Find The FishBy Bob Jensen - June 5, 2019
From now and through the rest of the year the fish are doing one thing: They're looking for food. Up until this time, the fish have been in the spawning mode. They were either getting ready to spawn, spawning, or recovering from the spawn. Now they're looking to eat. If we can figure out what the fish are eating, we can at least be confident that we can put a lure where they can see it. Following are some ideas for doing that.
Now take walleyes. Again, depending on the body of water, walleyes will eat shiners, bullheads, perch, crawdads, frogs, leeches, nightcrawlers, and a good amount of other types of forage. Whether it be walleyes or bass, it will help if we can get an idea what the fish like to eat in that body of water at that time of year, then find the fish's desired forage and fish there.
This is where sonar really comes into play. It's possible to eliminate lots of water simply by going through expected fish-holding areas with a close eye on your sonar. If you don't see baitfish, keep moving until you do. I've used Raymarine sonar the past few years and it has helped me find areas that I never would have fished if I hadn't discovered baitfish in those areas. A little sonar work will pay big dividends.
Now that we've found the fish and we know what they're eating, we need to put a bait in front of them, which leads us to the next question: Do we put a bait down there that looks like what they're eating, or do we try to get their attention with something that looks completely different? A good rule of thumb is, in clear water use something that looks natural. In stained or dirty water go brighter. For walleyes, a Lucky Shad in a Crystal Shad pattern can be outstanding, in stained water maybe Hot Tiger. You've got to try different colors until the fish reveal what color they want, and there will be days when they show a color preference.
At any time of year, it's critical to put your lure where the fish are. For the next few months, find their food and you'll find the predator fish.