Here is what I found on the WI DNR website concerning qualifying, dated 2013.
A resident archer hunting license authorizes the hunting of all game, except bear, elk, and wild turkey, during the open seasons for hunting that game with bow and arrow established by the department. This license authorizes hunting with a bow and arrow only, unless hunting with a crossbow is authorized by a Class A, Class B, or Class C permit issued under s. 29.193 (2) or a permit issued under sub. (4). (2m) Notwithstanding sub. (2), a resident archer hunting license authorizes hunting with a bow and arrow or with a crossbow if the licensee is a resident senior citizen. A resident senior citizen is not required to hold a permit from the department to hunt with a crossbow if the resident senior citizen holds a license under this section. (3) The department shall issue to each person who is issued a resident archer hunting license a deer tag and a back tag. (4) (a) After proper application, the department shall issue to any person a crossbow permit to hunt with a crossbow meeting the specifications of par. (b) if the person is unable to use a bow and arrow and if the person meets any of the following: 2. Has an amputation or other loss of one or more arms above the wrist. 3. Has an amputation or other loss of the index or middle finger on the draw and release hand. 4. Has a permanent substantial loss of function in one or both arms or one or both hands and fails to meet the minimum standards of any one of the following standard tests, administered under the direction of a licensed physician or a licensed chiropractor: a. Upper extremity pinch. b. Grip. c. Nine-hole peg. 5. Has a permanent substantial loss of function in one or both shoulders and fails to meet the minimum standards of the standard shoulder strength tests, administered under the direction of a licensed physician or a licensed chiropractor. (b) Except as provided in par. (bc), no person may use a crossbow in hunting as authorized by any license or permit issued under this [29.185 (6),] chapter unless the crossbow meets all of the following specifications: NOTE: Par. (b) is shown as affected by 2011 Wis. Acts 169 and 252 and as merged by the legislative reference bureau under s. 13.92 (2) (i). The language in brackets was inserted by Act 169 but rendered surplusage by the treatment by Act 252. Corrective legislation is pending. 2. Shall have a minimum draw weight of 100 pounds. 4. Shall have a working safety. 5. Shall be used with bolts or arrows of not less than 14 inches in length with a broadhead. (bc) A compound bow equipped with a device that holds the bow at full draw but that is not constructed with a stock and designed to be shot from the shoulder with one hand is exempt from the specification under par. (b) 2. 29.171(4)(c) (c) The department may issue a crossbow permit to an applicant who is ineligible for a permit under par. (a) or who is denied a permit under par. (a) if, upon review and after considering the physical condition of the applicant and the recommendation of a licensed physician or licensed chiropractor selected by the applicant from a list of licensed physicians and licensed chiropractors compiled by the department, the department finds that issuance of a permit complies with the intent of this subsection. The use of this review procedure is discretionary with the department and all costs of the review procedure shall be paid by the applicant.
The issue to me is that I or my friends and I would guess many others would not qualify. Therefore if the change was to be enacted, I would be done archery hunting safely until I become disabled.
I grew up in SE Mn, shotgun only. I am looking at the average shotgun in the hands of the average hunter and the same for vertical bows. At forty yards I still say very little difference.