Deep Spawning PanfishBy Scott Stankowski - July 1, 2013
Fish respond to several factors when considering their whereabouts in the water column. Most predominantly would be water temperature. Most boats today are equipped with depth finders or fish locators that give temperature readout. Recently I took the boys fishing for some pan fish to find the water temperature at 77 degrees. Bluegills spawn at 65 degrees, which is quite warm. They prefer sandy shorelines with some slight weed growth. Find some reeds and you are in the money when the water temperature reaches this point.
The body of water will provide you with an answer. Clear lakes take longer to heat up, as there is no substance in the water to absorb the heat. Lakes that are stained or have a lot of floating substance in them heat up quicker as those particles absorb and hold the heat. Recently, we were fishing a stained lake and the water temperatures in the shallows were apparently unbearable for the fish.
We started in the shallows and assumed the spawn was over as the temperature was too high. We then moved out to post-spawn water, about four feet with weeds. We started catching fish almost immediately. What we noticed was the color of these fish indicated they were still in spawning mode. Upon cleaning them at the end of the day it confirmed our hypothesis. Bluegills will spawn deeper. Most people will call it a second spawn.
What we as fisherman need to remember is that fish are not all the same and this second spawn is just a separate set of fish that were not ready during the first spawn. As the temperature rises in this secondary spawning area, bluegills will make their nests and when the temperature is right will drop their eggs. It just so happened that on this lake we were fishing most if not all of the fish had moved to the deeper waters to spawn.
What this will do to the remainder of the summer and fish patterns is anyones guess, but the key point is considering what the temperatures are where the fish are at and not what the temperatures are on the surface or in the shallows. Keeping this in mind will put some nice fillets in the deep fryer for you and your family.
Until next time, shoot straight.