Early Season BassBy Bob Jensen - June 1, 2013
The first thing to consider is that much of this early bass action will be in shallow water. Whenever you're fishing in shallow water, for any species, you must be quiet. Fish in shallow water are very spooky, so any loud or unusual noise, and any movement will spook them. Shut the outboard off before you enter the area to be fished and move in slowly with the electric motor. Keep the power on the electric on low: Move in slowly and quietly and avoid giving the electric bursts of power.
You'll also want to make long casts, especially in clear water. Again, if you make long casts and stay away from the bass, you'll be less likely to spook them. Lures that enter the water quietly will be productive. A lure that lands on the water quietly attracts bass, while a lure that splashes down loudly will spook them, especially if it lands close to the fish.
A real winner for bass in the spring is a plastic worm rigged wacky style. Wacky rigging is simply hooking a worm right in the middle. You use a larger sized hook, about a 2/0 size for a five inch worm. You don't use any weight, as you want the worm to sink slowly. Cast the worm around rushes, docks, trees lying in the water, or anything that provides the fish with some cover. Bass like to be around stuff, especially when they're shallow.
This wacky rigged worm is a pretty light bait, so some anglers like to throw it with spinning gear. Fourteen pound test is about the minimum line weight if you're using mono, and heavier will be better in thick cover. If you prefer braided line, try forty pound test Bionic Bass line. It casts well and has the strength to get a bass out of most spots.
An Impulse Dip-Stick worm doesn't have much tail action, which makes it perfect for wacky rigging. Cast it out, let it sink a bit, then start a twitching retrieve. You might want to let it rest on the bottom for a second or two, and sometimes an even longer rest is good, but most of the time you'll want to keep it moving. In colder water give it light twitches, as the water warms move it more aggressively. Experiment with colors, but in clear water start with watermelon. Right now is an outstanding time to be on the water. The weather is usually nice and the bass are biting, and that creates a wonderful afternoon of fishing.